双语美文 | 《New Year》

New Year

 

Every country in the world celebrates the New Year

but not everyone does it the same way.

The countries of the America and Europe welcome the New Year on January first.

This practice began with the Romans. Julius Caesar,a Roman ruler,

changed the date of the New Year

from the first day of March to the first day of January.

In the Middle East, the New Year is when spring begins.

People in China celebrate it on Spring Festival,

which is the first day of their calendar based on the moon.

The Spring Festival usually comes between January 21 and February 19.

Rosh Hashana,which is the Jewish New Year,comes at the end of summer.

The Hindus in India celebrate the first day of each season,

so they have four New Years.

In all of these cultures, there is a practice of making noise.

People made noise in ancient times

to drive away the evil spirits from the home.

Many people did it and still do it with fireworks.

In Japan,

people go from house to house making noise with drums and bamboo sticks.

Young people in Denmark

throw broken pieces of jars or pots against the sides of friends’ houses.

In the United States many people stay up until midnight on New Year’s Eve

to watch the clock pass from one year to the next.

Friends often gather together at a party on New Year’s Eve,

and when the New Year comes,

all ring bells,blow horns and whistles, sing and kiss each other.

世界上每个国家都欢度新年,

但是形式各不相同。

欧美国家是在每年的 1月1日喜迎新年,

这一习俗始于罗马人.罗马统治者儒略凯撒

将新年的日期

由原来的3月1日改为 1月1日。

在中东地区,新年是在春天到来之际。

中国人是在春节欢度新年,

即阴历年的第一天。

春节通常是在1月21日和2月19日之间来临。

岁首节,即犹太人的新年,是在每年夏季末。

印度人庆祝每一个季度的第一天,

因此他们又四个新年。

在这些不同文化背景中都有一个制造声响的习俗。

人们在古时发出声响

目的是将恶魔赶出家门

许多人过去用,现在仍然用放鞭炮的方式来驱赶恶魔。

在日本,

人们走街串巷,用击鼓即敲竹的方式制造声响

丹麦的年轻人,

则用朝朋友家投掷瓮坛瓦罐碎片的方式发出各种声响。

在美国,许多人熬到午夜,

等待新年钟声的到来。

朋友们经常在除夕夜聚集在一起,

当新年到来时,

人们敲钟鸣号,吹口哨,唱歌,接吻拥抱。

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