小学英语语法详解“There be句型”知识点+练习!

There be 句型的结构

1. 常见句型结构

(一)There is+单数可数+地点状语

eg:There is a ruler on the desk.

书桌上有一把尺。

(二)There are+复数主语+地点状语

eg:There are four apples on the tree.

树上有四个苹果。

There are some flowers in the park.

公园里有许多花。

(三)there is + 不可数名词 +地点状语 (即使有some 也是 单数)

eg:There is some water in the bottle.

瓶子里有一些水。(水是不可数名词)

2. There be选择就近原则

There be句型的就近原则是There be句型中语法项目的重点考点。

There be句型中be动词的单复数形式由最挨近的一项的单复数决定。

如:There is a pen, two books and many pencils on the desk.  (在本句中尽管有钢笔、书和铅笔,但是由于离be动词最近的一项是单数a pen,因此,be动词用单数is。)

图片There be 句型的疑问句及回答

(一)There be 句型的疑问  

1. 在“There is/are…”的疑问句中,要把Be动词放在there之前,并将句号变问号。

难点:句中出现的some要改成any。

2. 肯定回答为:Yes, there is/are.

3. 否定回答为:  No, there isn’t/aren’t.

eg:可数名词单数

肯定句 There is an apple on the tree.

疑问句 Is there an apple on the tree?

肯定回答: Yes, there is.

否定回答: No, there isn’t.

eg:可数名词复数

肯定句  There are five pens on the desk.

疑问句  Are there five pens on the desk?

肯定回答: Yes, there are.

否定回答  No, there aren’t.

eg:不可数名词的时候

肯定句 There is some water in the cup.

(水是不可数名词)

否定句 Is there any water in the cup?

肯定回答: Yes, there is.

否定回答: No, there isn’t.

(二)There be 句型的特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句形式有以下三种变化:

① 对主语提问:当主语是人时,用”Who s+介词短语?”;当主语是物时,用”What s + 介词短语?”。

(注意:无论原句主语是单数还是复数,对之提问时一般都用be的单数形式(回答时却要根据实际情况来决定)。)

② 对地点状语提问:提问地点用”Where is / are+主语?”

③ 对数量提问:一般有两种句型结构:

How many+复数名词+are there+介词短语?

How much+不可数名词+is there+介词短语?

eg:How many people are there in the picture?

How much water is there in the bottle ?

图片There be 句型的否定形式

There be 句型的否定: 否定形式只要在be动词后面加not即可,is not =isn’t  ;are not= aren’t

但要注意的是句中如果出现some则改成any.

1. There is a knife in the kitchen.

——否定:There is not a knife in the kitchen.

2. There are five apples on the tree.

—— 否定:There are not five apples on the tree.

3. There is some water in the bottle.

——否定:There is not any water in the bottle.

4. There are some birds singing in the tree.

——否定:There are not any birds singing in the tree.

图片练习题

一、选择题

1、There______a meeting tonight.

A. will be    B. had be    C. is going be     D. was

2、There______a knock at the door just now .

A. will be    B. has been    C. were      D .was

3、There  a pen and two books on the desk now.

A .are     B .be      C. is      D .was

4、There is _____ on the floor.

A.cat   B.water   C.boxes  D.football5、

There are _____ on the floor.

A.cat   B.water   C.boxes   D.football

二.用There be 的正确形式填空。

1._________seven days in a week.

2.Once upon a time, _______a giant(巨人) in the castle(城堡).

3.__________a cartoon on TV last night.

4.__________a school sports next Monday.

5.___________20 boys and 28girls in my class.

6.____________any water in the fridge.

7._____________much cheese in the big pizza.

8._____________a  lot of  sheep on the farm.

9._____________a cap, a book and two magazines on the sofa.

10.___________no swimming pool in my school last year.

三、句型转换。

1、(将句子转换成否定句)

There is a bike behind the tree.

2、(将句子转换成否定句)

There are some books on the desk .

3、(将句子转换成一般疑问句)

There is some water on Mars.

四、句子画线部分提问。

1、There are many things over there.

2、There is a little girl in the room.

3、There are four children on the playground.

4、There are three women in the picture .

5、There is some water in the bottle .

图片答案及解析

一、选择题

1、首先观察题目本身的提示tonight,判断该题的时态是将来时,首先排除选项A和D。C选项的结构不正确,故选A。

2、首先观察题目本身的提示just now,判断该题的时态是一般过去时,首先排除选项A和B。C选项是复数,不符合题意,故选D。

3、首先观察题目本身的提示now,判断该题的时态是一般现在时,首先排除选项D。选项B为原形不正确,排除。虽然原句中的主语是a pen and two books,但是根据就近原则,离there be 最近的是a pen,选项A为复数形式,排除。故选C。

4、 由is可知主语应是可数名词单数或不可数名词,而A、D项中都缺少冠词a,故选B。

5、由are可知主语应是可数名词复数,而A,D选项为可数名词单数。B选项为不可数名词,故选C。

二、用There be 的正确形式填空。

1. There are

2. there was

3. There was

4. There will be

5. There are.

6. There isn’t

7. There is

8. There are

9. There is

10. There was

三、句型转换

1、There isn t a bike behind the tree.

2、There aren t any bikes behind the tree.

3、Is there any water on Mars?

四、就句子画线部分提问

1、What s over there?

2、 Who is in the room?

3、Where are the four children?

4、How many women are there in the picture?

5、How much water is there in the bottle ?

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