初一英语上册:动词短语【固定搭配】

初一英语上册

动词短语【固定搭配】月考必考

want to do sth想要做某事

【例句】He wants to have milk for breakfast.

want sb to do sth想要某人做某事

【例句】My mother wants me to clean the room.

want sth想要某物

【例句】I want an apple.

like doing sth喜欢做某事

【例句】I like playing football.

like to do sth喜欢做某事

【例句】He likes to go shopping with his friends.

like sth喜欢某物

【例句】 I like apples.

enjoy doing sth喜爱做某事

【例句】My brother enjoys playing football.

enjoy sth喜爱/某物

【例句】I enjoyed my winter vacation.

have fun doing sth愉快地做某事

【例句】I had great fun playing in the water.

have a good time doing sth 愉快地做某事

【例句】 I had a good time playing in the water.

enjoy oneself to do sth  喜欢做某事

【例句】 I enjoyed myself to play in the water.

let sb do sth让某人做某事

【例句】Lucy lets me go shopping with her.

let sb not do sth让某人不做某事

【例句】My mother lets me not play on the road.

tell sb to do sth告诉某人去做某事

【例句】Tom tells me to work hard.

tell sb not to do sth告诉某人不要去做某事

【例句】Tom tells me not to play every day.

tell sb about sth告诉某人关于某事

【例句】My math teacher tells us about the exam.

tell sb sth告诉某人某事

【例句】My friend told me the traffic accident.

 

hope to do sth希望去做某事

【例句】I hope to go to Beijing on summer vacation.

It’s+形容词+for sb to do sth做某事对某人来说……

【例句】It’s good for you to have vegetables every day.

hope +从句 希望……

【例句】I hope you have a good trip.

It’s +形容词+of sb to do sth某人做某事真是太……

【例句】 It’s kind of you to help me.

be interested in doing sth对做某事很感兴趣

【例句】Lucy is interested in dancing.

be interested in sth做某事/某物很感兴趣

【例句】My parents are interested in Beijing Opera.

be friendly to sb对某人很友好

【例句】My classmates are friendly to me.

be friendly with sb和某人很友好

【例句】My classmates are friendly with each other.

wait for sb等待某人

【例句】Jeff often waits for his sister after school.

can’t wait to do sth迫不及待去做某事

【例句】Summer is coming , I can’t wait to go to swim.

work for为……而工作

【例句】Do you want to work for a magazine?

work as从事……职业

【例句】My father works as a doctor.

work with和……一起工作

【例句】Do youlike to work with other young people?

be busy doing sth忙于做某事

【例句】My mother is busy doing housework every day.

be busy with sth忙于某事/某物

【例句】Every student is busy with study.

teach sb to do sth教某人做某事

【例句】My English teacher teaches me to study English.

teach sb sth教某人某事/某物

【例句】My English teacher teaches me study.

thanks for doing sth感谢你做了某事

【例句】Thanks for helping me.

thank sb for doing感谢某人做了某事

【例句】Thank Tom for helping me.

thank sb for sth因某事感谢某人

【例句】Thank Tom for his help.

be surprised to do sth做某事感到惊讶

【例句】I’m surprised to hear the news.

be surprised at sth对某事/某物感到惊讶

【例句】I’m surprised at the news.

be surprised +that从句 对……而惊讶

【例句】I’m surprised that he passed the exam.

stop doing sth停止做某事

【例句】The teacher is coming, please stop talking.

stop to do sth停下来做某事

【例句】I’m tired, so I stop to have a rest.

remember doing sth记得做过某事

【例句】I remembered cleaning the room.

remember to do sth记住去做某事

【例句】Remember to close the door when you leave.

forget doing sth忘记做过某事

【例句】I forgot telling him about Mary.

forget to do sth忘记去做某事

【例句】I forget to tell you to close the door.

would like to do sth想要去做某事

【例句】I would like to have milk for breakfast.

would like sb to do sth想要某人做某事

【例句】I would like him to tell me the story.

would like sth想要某物

【例句】I would like an apple.

practice doing sth练习做某事

【例句】My sister practices playing the piano everyday.

practice sth练习某事

【例句】My sister practices the piano every day.

spend +时/钱 (in) doing sth花多少时/钱做某事

【例句】I spent 2 yuan buying the clothes.

spend +时/钱 on sth花多少时/钱在某物上

【例句】I spent 2 yuan on the clothes.

ask sb to do sth叫某人去做某事

【例句】My mother ask me to buy some vegetables after school.

ask sb not to do sth叫某人不要去做某事

【例句】The teacher asks the students not to play on the road.

ask sb about sth问某人关于某事/某物

【例句】My father asks me about the exam.

ask sb for sth问/找某人要某物

【例句】I often ask my parents for money.

It’s time to do sth该做某事了

【例句】It’s time to have dinner.

It’s time for sb to do sth某人该做某事了

【例句】It’s time for me to have dinner.

It’s time for sth某事的时间到了

【例句】It’ time for dinner.

watch sb/sth doing sth看见某人/某物正在做某事

【例句】Henry often watches Jim playing the balls.

watch sb/sth do sth 看见某人/某物做过某事

【例句】I watched him do his homework.

suggest doing sth建议做某事

【例句】I suggest going to the park not the zoo.

suggest sth建议某物/某事

【例句】He suggests the plan.

suggest +从句 建议……

【例句】I suggest that we should go to the park this weekends.

find sb/sth doing sth发现某人/某物正在做某事

【例句】I found it playing the ball.

find sb/sth do sth发现某人/某物做过某事

【例句】I found it play the ball.

help sb do sth帮助某人做某事

【例句】He often helps me do the housework.

help sb with sth帮助某人某事

【例句】He often helps me with the housework.

make sb do sth使/让某人做某事

【例句】It made me feel happy.

decide to do sth决定去做某事

【例句】We decided to go to the park this weekend.

decide not to do sth决定不去做某事

【例句】We decided not to go to the park this weekend.

decide sth决定某物/某事

【例句】We decided the plan.

discuss sth with sb和某人讨论某事

【例句】I often disscuss my study with my teacher.

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